Political definitions election 2008

By Sam Bokoski
November 6, 2008

Shannon Keough

1. Democratic Party: Favor liberal positions. Examples: opposition to Iraq war, global warming and diplomacy over military action.

2. Republican Party: Often called “conservative.” Favors free markets and private property. Wants personal freedom over equality.

3. Free market: Economic system in which prices and wages are determined by unrestricted competition between businesses, without government regulation.

4. Electoral college: The body which formally chooses the president of the United States.

5. Head of State: holds the highest positions in national government.

6. Democracy: Form of government, which the supreme power is vested in and exercised directly by the people.

7. Laissez-faire: Theory that believes the government should not interfere in the direction of economic affairs.

8. Veto: Authorized power of the president to reject legislation passed by congress.

9. Political spectrum: a term used to refer to the differences in ideology between the major political parties in the U.S. The right wing is Republican, the left wing is Democrat.

10. Affirmative action: Laws mandating increased numbers of women and minorities, especially in employment. This policy was designed to improve the lives of those discriminated against in the past.

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Sam Bokoski

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